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Historical People and Events for September
by John T. Marck


 

Check out that special day in September and see what else happened!

September 1

Aaron Burr was acquitted of treason by a circuit court in Richmond, Virginia, on the grounds that he was not present when an overt act was committed, 1807

The city of Atlanta, Georgia was evacuated by Confederate forces commanded by General John B. Hood, 1865

World War II began with the Nazi invasion of Poland, 1939

Japan's formal surrender ending WW II, 1945 ( September 2 in Tokyo due to time change)

The Wreck of the Titanic found of the coast of Newfoundland, 1985

September 2

The United States Treasury Department was established, 1789

Union forces under the command of General William T. Sherman occupied the city of Atlanta, Georgia, 1865

Japan signed the surrender terms aboard the "U.S.S. Missouri," ending the war in the Pacific, 1945

V-J Day celebrated, 1945

September 3

The Treaty of Paris was signed by United States & Great Britain representatives, officially ending the Revolutionary War, 1783

President Theodore Roosevelt escaped serious injury outside of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania when the coach he was riding in collided with a trolley car. A Secret Service agent was killed, but Roosevelt escaped with only minor injuries, 1902

Britain and France declared war on Germany, 1939

The invasion of Italy began by Allied forces crossing the Strait of Messina, 1943

Television's "Search for Tomorrow" first aired, 1951

The Espionage and Sabotage Act was signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. It authorized the death penalty for peacetime sabotage and the statute of limitations for these crimes was removed, 1954

Viking II landed on Mars, 1976

September 4

Los Angeles was founded by Spanish as "El Pueblo de Nuestra Senora La Reina de Los Angeles de Porciuncula," 1781

First Lady Sarah Polk was born Sarah Childress outside Nashville, Tennessee, 1803

Chiricahua Apache Indian Chief Geronimo (Indian name Goyathlay) surrendered, as a result of General Nelson A. Miles promising him exile in Florida and a return to Arizona; a promise that was never kept by the US, instead putting him in confinement at hard labor at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, 1886

George Eastman received patent for roll-film camera, 1888

The Foreign Assistance Act which authorized $4,253,500,000 for use in foreign military and economic programs was signed by President John F. Kennedy, 1961

John Ehrlichman and G. Gordon Liddy were inducted along with two White House officials in connection with the burglary in 1971 of the office of Daniel Ellsberg's psychiatrist in, 1973

Diplomatic relations with East Germany were established by the United States, 1974

September 5

The First Continental Congress was established, 1774

The nation's first Labor Day Parade , sponsored by the Knights of Labor, as held in New York City, 1882

President John F. Kennedy signed the hijacking bill, making air piracy a crime punishable by death or imprisonment, 1961

The attempted assassination of President Gerald Ford, by Lynette A. "Squeaky" Fromme, a follower of Charles mansion, occurred in Sacramento, California, 1975

Baltimore Orioles Cal Ripken, Jr., tied Lou Gehrig's consecutive professional baseball game steak of 2130 games, 1995

September 6

A coal mine disaster occurred in Avondale, Pennsylvania, killing 108 miners by suffocation, 1869

President William McKinley was shot and mortally wounded in the Temple of Music at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York, 1901

A TWA airliner was hijacked to Jordan by Palestinian terrorists, 1970

Baltimore Orioles Cal Ripken, broke Lou Gehrig's record by playing in his 2131st consecutive professional baseball game, 1995

Baltimore Orioles Eddie Murray hit his 500th home run, 1996

The funeral for Princess Diana was held in Westminster Abbey, London, 1997

Princess Diana was buried on a small island at Althorp House, England, 1997

September 7

Queen Elizabeth I, was born in Greenwich, England, 1533

The U.S. Frigate Constellation was launched, 1797

The Professional Football Hall of Fame was dedicated in Canton, Ohio, 1963

Senator Everett M. Dirksen died in Washington, D.C., 1969

Two Panama Canal treaties that transferred control of the canal to Panama by the year 2000 were signed by President James Carter and Panama's head of state, Brigadier general Omar Torrijos Herrera, 1977

September 8

New London, Connecticut was looted and burned by British troops until the command of General Benedict Arnold, who had joined the British. Arnold, who committed treasonous acts against the United States was also unnecessarily brutal to American soldiers, 1781

A hurricane, reaching winds up to 120 mph, struck Galveston, Texas, killing 6000 persons, and causing property damage estimated at $20 million, 1900

Margaret Gorman, from Washington, D.C., was crowned the first Miss America, in Atlantic City, New Jersey, 1921

Italy surrendered unconditionally to the Allied powers during World War II, 1943

Former President Richard M. Nixon was given an unconditional pardon by President Gerald Ford, 1974

September 9

California was admitted to the Union, 1850 (31st)

Esther Cleveland, was the first child born in the White House, 1893

Mounted police were used for the first time in New York City, 1904

Singer Elvis Presley made his first appearance on the "Ed Sullivan Show," 1956

A prison riot occurred at Attica State Correctional Facility, in Attica, New York. It led to the deaths of 43 people. Nine prison guards were held hostage and 28 prisoners were killed when 1500 state police and other law enforcement officers staged an air and ground assault to end the uprising, 1971

Sanctions against South Africa were announced by President Ronald Reagan to protest that country's policy of apartheid. With this the sales of computers were banned, and imports of the Kruggerand gold coins were stopped, 1985

September 10

The University of Tennessee was first chartered as Blount College in Knoxville, 1794

First Lady Letitia Tyler died at the White House, Washington, D.C., 1842

Elias Howe, of Spencer, Massachusetts, received a patent for his sewing machine; the first in the United States with an eye-pointed needle, 1847

American actor Edwin Booth, brother of John Wilkes Booth, made his acting debut at the Boston Museum, when he played the role of Tressel in Colley Cibber's version of Richard III, 1849

The first Chicago to New York airmail trip to be completed in one day occurred. This transportation of mail took an overall time of 12 hours, 55 minutes. The flying time was 10 hours, 5 minutes, 1918

The First Army liberated Luxembourg, 1944

"Gunsmoke" premiered on CBS television, 1955

September 11

George Washington and his army were defeated by the British at the Battle of Brandywine, 1777

Alexander Hamilton became the first United States Secretary of the Treasury, 1789

President John Tyler's entire Cabinet resigned, with the exception of Secretary of State Daniel Webster, because of Tyler's bank bill veto, 1841

The Mountain Meadows Massacre occurred whereby 120 emigrants headed for California were killed. They were killed in Utah by Indians incited by the Mormon fanatic John D. Lee, whose justification was in retaliation against President James Buchanan's order that removed Brigham Young as the governor of Utah, 1857

The United States First Army patrols entered Germany, 1944

Food Stamps were authorized by the US Congress in a program to distribute surplus food to impoverished Americans, 1959

The Beatles recorded their first single, "Love Me Do," 1962

The September 11th attacks  were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks launched by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda upon the United States in New York City and the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area on Tuesday, September 11, 2001.

Four passenger airliners were hijacked by 19 al-Qaeda terrorists so they could be flown into buildings in suicide attacks. Two of those planes, American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, were crashed into the North and South towers, respectively, of the World Trade Center complex in New York City. Within two hours, both towers collapsed with debris and the resulting fires causing partial or complete collapse of all other buildings in the WTC complex, as well as major damage to ten other large surrounding structures. A third plane, American Airlines Flight 77, was crashed into the Pentagon (the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense), leading to a partial collapse in its western side. The fourth plane, United Airlines Flight 93, was targeted at Washington, D.C. but crashed into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania after its passengers tried to overcome the hijackers. In total, almost 3,000 people died in the attacks, including the 227 civilians and 19 hijackers aboard the four planes. It also was the deadliest incident for firefighters in the history of the United States.

September 12

The Battle of North Point, (also known as the Battle of Baltimore) began during the War of 1812, 1814

Editor Henry Louis "H.L." Mencken was born in Baltimore, 1880

In what would become a major change in the marriage ceremony, the House of Bishops of the United States Protestant Episcopal Church voted 36-27 to delete the word obey from the marriage service, 1922

The first American engagement on German soil began when the US First Army pushed five miles into west central Germany, 1944

"Lassie" made its television debut, 1954

September 13

New York City was declared temporary United States capital, 1788

The Battle of North Point or Baltimore occurred at Fort McHenry, 1814

The Beatles first and only concert (two shows) in Baltimore, 1964

September 14

Francis Scott Key wrote his poem "Defense of Ft. McHenry," that was later re-named Star Spangled Banner,1814

President William McKinley died, 1901

The World War II Battle of Stalingrad occurred, 1942

September 15

The Battle of North Point or Baltimore at Fort McHenry ended, 1814

President William Howard Taft was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, 1857

The Swastika was made the official symbol of Nazi Germany, 1935

The United States Air-Craft Carrier Wasp was sunk off Guadalcanal during World War II, 1942

A federal grand jury indicted the five people originally accused of burglary in the Watergate break-in case, as well as former White House aides G. Gordon Liddy and E. Howard Hunt, 1972

September 16

Plymouth Pilgrims left England on the "Mayflower," 1620

The "Sun King" of France, Louis XIV, was born, 1638

Oliver Wendell Holmes wrote his poem, "Old Ironsides." Upon learning that the frigate Constitution was to be dismantled, he wrote this impassioned poem, which became so popular that the order for the ship's destruction was rescinded, 1830

General Motors Company filed for incorporation in Hudson County, New Jersey, 1908

The American Legion was incorporated by Congress, 1919

The first cinemascope movie, "The Robe," premiered in New York, 1953

Mary Louise Smith became the first woman to head the Republican National Convention, 1974

September 17

The United States Constitution was signed, 1787

President George Washington delivered his Farewell Address to Congress, 1796

The Boston Public Library, the first library in Massachusetts supported by taxation was dedicated, 1855

The Civil War Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg) Maryland; the single bloodiest day in American history occurred, 1862

Yellow Fever cases reached epidemic proportions in Brunswick, Georgia, 1893

The American Professional Football Association, a precursor of the National Football League (NFL) was formed in Canton, Ohio, 1920

Construction began on the Hoover Dam, originally called Boulder Dam, at Las Vegas, Nevada, 1930

September 18

The first spinet (small harpsichord with oblique strings) was made in America by John Harris of Boston, Massachusetts, 1769

President George Washington laid the cornerstone of the United States Capitol building, 1793

The "second" Fugitive Slave Bill was passed by Congress, 1850

The first edition of the "New York Times" was published, 1851

Singer James Marshall "Jimi" Hendrix died in London at the age of 27 from the overdose of barbiturates and alcohol, 1970

Patricia "Patty" Hearst was captured by the FBI, 1975. She was tried, and sentenced to prison in 1976 and paroled in 1979.

September 19

Henry Hudson first sailed into the river, now known as the Hudson, 1609

During the Revolutionary War, US soldiers won their first battle at Saratoga, 1777

President James A. Garfield died (1881) as a result of his injuries received when shot by an assassin in the Baltimore & Potomac Railroad Station, Washington, D.C., on July 2,1881

Bruno Hauptmann was charged with the kidnap-murder of the Lindbergh infant, 1934

The first underground atomic explosion occurred at the proving grounds near Las Vegas, Nevada, 1957

September 20

The U.S. Frigate Constitution "Old Iron Sides" was launched, 1797

Patent leather was first manufactured in United States by Seth Boyden in Newark, New Jersey, 1819

Slave trade in the District of Columbia was abolished as a concession to the North in the Compromise of 1850

Chester A. Arthur was sworn in as the 21st President of the United States, 1881

Former New York City Mayor Fiorello La Guardia died, 1947

The U.S. Embassy in Beruit was bombed through the means of a suicide car-bomb, which exploded outside the Embassy, killing 23 including two Americans, 1984

September 21

First Lady Margaret Taylor was born Margaret Smith in St. Leonard's City, Calvert County, Maryland, 1788

The first direct telegraph service to Brazil from the United States was established, 1883

"Perry Mason" premiered on CBS-TV, 1957

Sandra Day O'Connor was appointed to the United States Supreme Court, 1981

September 22

American Revolutionary War Captain Nathan Hale, was executed as a spy by the British. Upon his capture, he was hanged without a trial the following day, 1776. A statue of him, in his honor, stands at the CIA Headquarters at Langley, Virginia.

President Abraham Lincoln's Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation was issued, 1862

The construction contract for the building of the Empire State Building was awarded this day. It would be built on the site of the former Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, 1929

"Fiddler on the Roof" opened on Broadway, 1964

Presidential advisor to Nixon, Henry Kissinger was sworn in as secretary of state, 1973

In a second attempt on the life of President Gerald Ford, this time in San Francisco, California, the president was shot at by Sara Jane Moore, who was a police and FBI informer, 1975

September 23

Caesar Augustus was born in Rome, 63 B.C.

John Paul Jones defeated the ship "HMS Serapis," 1779

Lewis & Clark's expedition ended, 1806

First Lady Elizabeth Monroe died at her home "Oak Hill," outside Leesburg, Virginia, 1830

William J. Duane, the secretary of the treasury, was removed from office by President Andrew Jackson because he refused to withdraw government deposits from the Bank of the U.S. and place them in state banks. President Jackson appointed Roger B. Taney as his replacement, 1833

The planet Neptune was discovered by Johann Gottfried Galle, 1846

The transistor was invented, 1947

September 24

American pioneer and orchardist John Chapman, known as "Johnny Appleseed," the prototype for characters in American folklore, was born, 1775

The US Congress passed the first Judiciary Act, which provided for an Attorney General and a Supreme Court, 1789

The Bill of Rights passed in US House of Representatives, 1791

The world's first transatlantic telephone cable system began its operation. Using twin cables, it stretched 2250 miles from Clarenville, Newfoundland to Oban, Scotland, and cost $42 million, 1956

The trial of the "Chicago Eight" began, whereby eight radical leaders were indicted on March 20 on charges of conspiring to incite riots at the 1968 Democratic convention in Chicago, 1969

September 25

Colonel Ethan Allen was captured while attacking Montreal, taken prisoner and held until the end of the American Revolutionary War, 1775

Benedict Arnold, American soldier and turncoat, treason was discovered, 1780. Through a conspiracy with John Andre, he agreed to betray the United States during the American Revolutionary War. Upon Andre's capture, Arnold fled to the British lines, and was given a command in the royal army. He went to England and remained there until his death in 1801.

The Bill of Rights passed in the US Senate, 1791

The first major league baseball game double header was played between the Providence and Worcester teams, 1882

The first operation of the transatlantic cable occurred, 1956

September 26

The New York Stock Exchange closed. This same day, the secretary of the treasury reissued $26 million in legal tender. The exchange reopened ten days later, 1873

John Jay was appointed the first United States chief justice of the Supreme Court, 1789. He was appointed by President George Washington and served for six years.

Samuel Osgood was appointed the first postmaster general of the United States by President George Washington, 1789. He resigned this post in August 1791 because of the government's removal from New York City to Philadelphia.

The Federal Trade Commission was established, 1914

President Woodrow Wilson suffered a stroke while traveling to Wichita, Kansas. His trip was halted and he was taken back to Washington, D.C., 1919

Seoul, the capital of South Korea was recaptured by US troops during the Korean War, 1950

"West Side Story" opened on Broadway, 1957

First of four Nixon-Kennedy televised debates began, 1960

September 27

First Lady Martha Randolph was born Martha Jefferson, the eldest daughter of Thomas Jefferson, 1772

The first passenger train went into operation in England, 1825

The great American actor Edwin Booth made his New York City debut at the age of 16 as Wilford in the play, The Iron Chest at the National Theater, 1850. (See also September 10)

Musician Glenn Miller and his orchestra performed together for the last time in Passaic, New Jersey, before Miller entered the Army, 1942

"Tonight" with Steve Allen as host, premiered on NBC-TV, 1954

Joseph M. Valachi, organized crime member, turned informer, identified the alleged chiefs of organized crime in the United States in televised testimony before the Senate Permanent Investigations Subcommittee, 1963

The Warren Commission report on the assassination of President John F. Kennedy was released. Its findings were that there was no conspiracy, either domestic or international in the assassination, and that lee Harvey Oswald acted alone. This report also found that Jack Ruby, the convicted murderer of Oswald, had had no prior contact with Oswald, 1964

The first presidential debate occurred between President Gerald R. Ford and his Democratic challenger, James Carter, 1975

September 28

William I, of England, known as the "Conqueror" invaded England claiming English throne, 1066

The siege of Yorktown began during the Revolutionary War, 1781

Flogging was abolished as a form of punishment in the United States Navy, 1850

A woman was arrested in New York City for smoking a cigarette in public, while riding in an open automobile. It is said that the policemen told her, "You can't do that on Fifth Avenue!" 1904

Eight Chicago White Sox baseball team members were indicted for allegedly throwing the 1919 World Series, 1920

September 29

The United States regular army was established, 1789

The Confederate Army attempted to take Fort Harrison during the Civil War, 1864

Stan Musial played his last baseball game for the St. Louis Cardinals, retiring at the age of 42, 1963

Cyanide placed in Tylenol capsules caused the deaths of seven people in the Chicago area. The makers of Tylenol recalled 264,000 bottles of the drug. The killer was never found, 1982

September 30

The first criminal was executed in the American Colonies, 1630

Dr. William Morton, a dentist, used an experimental anesthetic, ether, for the first time on a patient in Boston, Massachusetts, 1846

The Military trial in Nuremberg found 22 Nazi's guilty of war crimes, 1946

Actor James Byron Dean died at age 24 from injuries received in a car crash, 1955

 

Copyright John T. Marck. All Rights Reserved. This article and their accompanying pictures, photographs, and line art, may not be resold, reprinted, or redistributed for compensation of any kind without prior written permission from the author.

 
 
 

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