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James A. Garfield
by John T. Marck


 
 
 
 

 
 
 

JAMES ABRAM GARFIELD

20th President

Term- March 4, 1881 to September 19, 1881

Republican Party

 

Birth: Orange Township, Ohio, November 19, 1831.

Ancestry: English and French

Marriage: Hiram, Ohio, November 11, 1858 to Lucretia Rudolph who was born in Hiram, Ohio, April 19, 1832. Lucretia died in Pasadena, California, March 14, 1918 and is buried in Lake View Cemetery, Cleveland, Ohio.

Children: Eliza Arabella (1860-1863); Harry Augustus (1863-1942); James Rudolph (1865-1950); Mary (1867-1947); Irin McDowell (1870-1951); Abram (1872-1958); Edward (1874-1876).

Home: "Lawnfield", Mentor, Ohio.

Education: Attended Geauga Academy and Western Reserve Eclectic Institute; graduated (1856) from Williams College.

Religion: Disciples of Christ.

Occupation before Presidency: School teacher; soldier; President of Hiram College.

Military Service: Commissioned Lt. Col. of 42nd Ohio Volunteers in August (1861); rose to brigadier general of Volunteers (1862) and Maj. general (1863).

Pre-Presidential Offices: Member of Ohio Senate; Member of U.S. House of Representatives; Chairman of House Committee on Appropriations; Minority Leader in U.S. house of Representatives.

Age at Inauguration: 49

Garfield Administration: Vice President: Chester A. Arthur of New York, Inauguration

March 4, 1881, The Capital, Washington, D.C.

Death: Elberon, New Jersey, September 19, 1881.

Cause of Death: Assassination at age 49, July 2, 1881. He was shot by Charles J. Guiteau in Baltimore & Potomac railroad station, Washington, D.C. It took Garfield 80 days to die, after he was shot.

Place of Burial: Lake View Cemetery, Cleveland, Ohio.

Interesting Facts:

Garfield was a classics professor and would amaze people by his skill of writing Latin with one hand and Greek with the other, at the same time. He was also a lawyer, and at 30 years old, was at one time the youngest Union general in the Civil War.

Copyright© John T. Marck. All Rights Reserved. This article and their accompanying pictures, photographs, and line art, may not be resold, reprinted, or redistributed for compensation of any kind without prior written permission from the author. From The Presidents of the United States by John T. Marck.