Term- March 4, 1817 to March 4, 1825
Birth: Westmoreland County, Virginia, April 28, 1758.
Marriage: New York, New York, February 15, 1786 to Elizabeth Kortright who was born in New York City, June 30, 1768. Elizabeth died in Oak Hill, Virginia, September 23, 1830 and is buried in Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia.
Children: Eliza (1787- ?); Maria Hester (1804-1850).
Homes: Ash Lawn, Charlottesville, Virginia; Oak Hill, Loudown County, Virginia.
Education: Parson Campbell's school; College of William and Mary.
Occupation before Presidency: Lawyer
Military Service: Officer in Third Virginia Regiment and Continental Army (1776-1779).
Pre-Presidential Offices: Military Commissioner for Southern Army; Representative to Virginia Legislature; Member of Governor Jefferson's Council; Representative to Continental Congress, Virginia House of Delegates, Virginia Assembly, U.S. Senate; Minister to England; Governor of Virginia; Secretary of State and of War.
Age at Inauguration: 58
First Administration: Vice-President: Daniel D. Tompkins of New York, Inauguration March 4, 1817, The Capital, Washington D.C.
Second Administration: Vice-President: Daniel D. Tompkins of New York, Inauguration March 5, 1821, House of Representatives, Washington D.C.
Occupation after Presidency: Writer
Death: New York, New York, July 4, 1831
Cause of Death: Debility at age 73.
Place of Burial: Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, Virginia.
His greatest legacy was the Monroe Doctrine of 1823, encouraging European nations to keep their hands off the American continent and promising that the United States would stay out of European quarrels. Monroe was the first President to use a globe to explain the Monroe Doctrine to his cabinet.
The Marine Band made its first public appearance at the second inaugural of James Monroe.
Monroe carried a dismal reminder of the Revolutionary War. It was a bullet, lodged in his left shoulder, received at the Battle of Trenton. It remained there throughout his life.
Maria Hester Monroe, the daughter of James Monroe, was the first daughter of a President to be married in the White House in 1820.
Copyright© John T. Marck. All Rights Reserved. This article and their accompanying pictures, photographs, and line art, may not be resold, reprinted, or redistributed for compensation of any kind without prior written permission from the author. From The Presidents of the United States by John T. Marck.